According to the Institute for Business and Home Safety,
claim payments by all insurance companies in the past decade
for [water pipes freezing and breaking] have exceeded $4
One potential solution is to vacuum seal pipes to slow down
heat transfer from the water inside the pipes to the ambient
air. This will be accomplished with a double hulled pipe
containing an insulating vacuum barrier.
In order to overcome the problem of ruining the vacuum seal
while cutting to install pipe, we intend to manufacture
pipes in small segments and thermally isolate each
connection to reduce thermal transfer.
Our solution will come at an upfront cost, but we project it
will ultimately save money by increasing the lifespan of
pipes, especially those found in unheated portions of a
house, such as in garages and attics.
Problem Statement 1:
Millions of dollars are spent in
Pennsylvania alone repairing ruptured and cracked pipes due
to freezing. Pipes are susceptible to freezing and there are
currently a very limited methods available to prevent this
high cost problem.